Honour killing story

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Laura Valanciute and Andrés Olivera
Born: 1981 and 1976
Shot to death: 29 November 2010
Residence: Cologne
Origin: victims: Lithuania and Chile; perpetrator: Turkey/Kurd
Children: the perpetrator has 4 daughters
Perpetrator: her ex-lover Mustafa Tilki (aged 41 at the time of the crime)
Mustafa lives in Cologne with his wife and four children, whom he probably mistreats. There are reports of his wife and daughters. The Turkish-Kurdish security guard has had a mistress, Laura, for years. He lives with the Lithuanian-born woman as if she were his second wife. He sleeps at her house. The neighbors think they are a normal couple. When he also beats her, she breaks up with him at the end of 2009.

On November 25, 2010, Laura goes to the police because she is being stalked and threatened by her ex-boyfriend. She reports him for inflicting dangerous bodily harm and applies for an order under the Violent Crime Protection Act. Mustafa is no longer allowed to approach her.

But that same evening, he intercepts his ex-girlfriend as she is coming from work at a sports agency. She is accompanied (presumably because she is afraid) by her colleague Andrés, a 34-year-old field hockey coach with a Chilean family. He alerts the police. The officers conduct a threat assessment, issue a restraining order, and file an additional report.

Four days later, Mustafa is again waiting outside the company. With seven shots, he shoots his ex-girlfriend and her work colleague. Some shots to the head are fired at close range, as if in an execution. The perpetrator flees, it is initially said, to France to reach North Africa from there. He cannot go to Turkey because he has refused to do military service there.

Mustafa's wife and four children were taken from the family home and taken to safety. Police said they could not rule out the possibility that the perpetrator would return and cause another massacre. On January 4, 2011, the fugitive is arrested.

In August 2011, the trial begins in the district court of Cologne. It turns out that Mustafa's brother helped him escape to France, later to Spain. From there, the perpetrator probably wanted to fly "to his Kurdish homeland," but during the stopover was sent back to Spain by Romanian border police for false papers. French police then arrested him in Narbonne. In September, he was sentenced to life in prison. The particular seriousness of the guilt has not been established.

That is why the Public Prosecution Service is appealing and the court subsequently reaches a determination of particularly serious guilt in February 2013.

Mustafa's only option for earlier release from prison would be deportation to Turkey. There he would presumably be released immediately. But since he did not perform military service, he was already deported abroad in 2005. Germany rejected his naturalization request because he had a criminal record for fraud and receiving stolen goods. A German lawyer is supporting Mustafa to get the Turkish passport back.

What is an honour killing?

An honour killing is a murder in the name of honour. If a brother murders his sister to restore family honour, it is an honour killing. According to activists, the most common reasons for honour killings are as the victim:

Questions about honour killings

  • refuses to cooperate in an arranged marriage.

  • wants to end the relationship.

  • was the victim of rape or sexual assault.

  • was accused of having a sexual relationship outside of marriage.

Human rights activists believe that 100,000 honour killings are carried out every year, most of which are not reported to the authorities and some are even deliberately covered up by the authorities themselves, for example because the perpetrators are good friends with local policemen, officials or politicians. Violence against girls and women remains a serious problem in Pakistan, India, Afghanistan, Iraq, Syria, Iran, Serbia and Turkey.

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